Updated: Mar 25, 2020
Isaiah 29 -Ariel fallsVs. 1-2 -Ariel means the lion of God and the hearth of God. It is used as a lion in 2 Samuel 23:20 (ari=lion), but the word is also used for the burning altar hearth of God (Ezekiel 43:15-16 ariel=altar hearth). This is the city 2 Samuel 5:6-10 where David was encamped and he made it the capital of the whole land of Israel. Here Ariel is used as a substitute name for Jerusalem.
Vs. 3-4– the sound of moaning and groaning will be like the speech of a medium. This is the same kind of oracle sounds he spoke against earlier.
Vs. 5-8 – The reference here is back to the Abrahamic Covenant again. Those who bless Israel are blessed. Those who curse Israel are cursed. If the enemy's goal is to completely eradicate the Jews, God's response will be like a lion and a fire. Zechariah 12:2-4, 14:1-3
Vs. 9-12 – back to the leaders. Matthew 23 is similar. It is in keeping with the prophetic tradition. He is rebuking the leaders, not the whole people. They have lost all ability to understand the word of God. They are essentially blind. They can hear what is said, they just are unable to understand because of their rejection of God. For those who have ears to hear, let them hear.
Vs. 13 –They should be following the law that God gave them through Moses, but they choose tradition instead. Matthew 15:1-9
Vs. 14 – Pele=wonderful is seen here again, the purpose is to move them out of hypocrisy and it is something only God, the wonderful counselor with the perfect plan can do.
Vs. 14-16 – we can deceive ourselves and believe any lie we tell ourselves, but we can't deceive God. He is the truth. He knows the truth. All that is true agrees with Him.
Vs. 17 – Is about the restoration of Israel. The boundaries begin to look more like the complete boundaries. Lebanon is part of the promised land here.
Vs. 18 – They will have gone through the trials and tribulations and will finally be able to understand in a way that they couldn't before.
Vs. 19-21 – the result of the plowing and threshing in Chapter 28 is that wickedness is removed and now there is good soil where covenant justice and righteousness can grow.
Vs. 22-24 – Could be a reference to the Rape of Dinah in Genesis 34. Because of the way Jacob's sons deceitfully made covenant so Shechem could marry Dinah and Simeon and Levi took advantage of their circumcision recovery to slaughter them it brought shame upon Jacob and the whole house. Similarly, Israel has abused the covenant, but God has been completely covenant loyal “chesed.” Now, Israel will begin to live in covenant in the right way.